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What is the NUTRIC Score?
 
The Nutrition Risk in Critically ill (NUTRIC) score is the first nutritional risk assessment tool developed and validated specifically for ICU patients. The recognition that not all ICU patients will respond the same to nutritional interventions was the main concept behind the NUTRIC score, as most other risk scores and assessment tools consider all critically ill patients to be at high nutrition risk. Please find below the summary of the components of the NUTRIC score, NUTRIC score in different languages, and the list of NUTRIC publications. 
 
An online calculator can be accessed here.

NUTRIC image

Click the pdf links below to download copies of the above summary in multiple languages:

PDF English Version: December 16th 2015
PDF French Version: December 16th 2015
PDF Portuguese      Version: March 19th 2013
PDF Greek      Version: April 26th 2017      Contact: Michael Chourdakis (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
PDF Italian      Version: April 2017
PDF Persian      Version: March 2020      Contact: Dr. Mahdi Shadnoush(This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) and Dr. Zeinab Javid(This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
 

Co-morbidities - click the image below to expand the list of co-morbidities used in the NUTRIC Score.

Comorbidity list

Publications

Original NUTRIC/mNUTRIC Paper

Heyland DK, Dhaliwal R, Jiang X, Day AG. Identifying critically ill patients who benefit the most from nutrition therapy: the development and initial validation of a novel risk assessment tool. Crit Care. 2011;15(6):R268. 

Rahman A, Hasan RM, Agarwala R, Martin C, Day AG, Heyland DK. Identifying critically-ill patients who will benefit most from nutritional therapy: Further validation of the "modified NUTRIC" nutritional risk assessment tool. Clin Nutr. 2016;35(1):158-62.

 

Association of the NUTRIC/mNUTRIC score with clinical and other outcomes

2021

Badjatia N, Ryan A, Choi HA, et al. Relationship Between Nutrition Intake and Outcome After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Results From the International Nutritional Survey. J Intensive Care Med. 2021;36(10):1141-1148. doi:10.1177/0885066620966957

Lopulalan MDA, Airlangga PS, Utariani A. Relationship between modified Nutrition Risk in the Critically Ill (mNUTRIC) Score and nutrition intake with quadriceps femoris muscle thickness in critically ill patients. Qanun Medika 2021;5(2):251-262. doi: 10.30651/jqm.v5i2.6257

Li G, Zhou CL, Ba YM, et al. Nutritional risk and therapy for severe and critical COVID-19 patients: A multicenter retrospective observational study. Clin Nutr. 2021;40(4):2154-2161. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2020.09.040

Lin PY, Yen YT, Lam CT, Li KC, Lu MJ, Hsu HS. Use of modified-NUTRIC score to assess nutritional risk in surgical intensive care unit [published online ahead of print, 2021 Jun 8]. J Chin Med Assoc. 2021;10.1097/JCMA.0000000000000565. doi:10.1097/JCMA.0000000000000565

Zhang P, He Z, Yu G, et al. The modified NUTRIC score can be used for nutritional risk assessment as well as prognosis prediction in critically ill COVID-19 patients. Clin Nutr. 2021;40(2):534-541. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2020.05.051

Mart MF, Girard TD, Thompson JL, Whitten-Vile H, Raman R, Pandharipande PP, Heyland DK, Ely EW, Brummel NE. Nutritional Risk at Intensive Care Unit Admission and Outcomes in Survivors of Critical Illness. Clinical Nutrition. 2021 May 11.

Liberti A, Piacentino E, Umbrello M, Muttini S. Comparison between Nutric Score and modified nutric score to assess ICU mortality in critically ill patients with COVID-19 [published online ahead of print, 2021 May 7]. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2021;doi:10.1016/j.clnesp.2021.04.026

Farina N, Nordbeck S, Montgomery M, et al. Early Enteral Nutrition in Mechanically Ventilated Patients With COVID-19 Infection. Nutr Clin Pract. 2021;36(2):440-448. doi:10.1002/ncp.10629

Zheng C, Xie K, Li XK, Wang GM, Luo J, Zhang C, Jiang ZS, Wang Y, Luo C, Qiang Y, Hu LW. The prognostic value of modified NUTRIC score for Patients in cardiothoracic surgery recovery unit: a retrospective cohort study. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics. 2021 Mar 31.

2020
Zhang P, Bian Y, Tang Z, Wang F. Use of Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (NUTRIC) Scoring System for Nutrition Risk Assessment and Prognosis Prediction in Critically Ill Neurological Patients: A Prospective Observational Study [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 30]. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2020;10.1002/jpen.1977. doi:10.1002/jpen.1977

Campos León SA, Urzua González AR, Rivera Chávez MJ, Reyes Escogido ML, Rivera Morales J, Guardado-Mendoza R. Impact of nutritional risk on 28-day mortality and the prevalence of underfeeding in critically ill patients: A prospective cohort study. Impacto del riesgo nutricio en la mortalidad al día 28 y prevalencia de sub-alimentación en pacientes de terapia intensiva: Estudio prospectivo de cohorte. Nutr Hosp. 2020;34(3):414-421. doi:10.20960/nh.02901

2019
Wan Muhd Shukeri WF, Saeed S, Ralib AM, Mat-Nor MB. Validation of the 28-day mortality prognostic performance of the modified Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (mNUTRIC) score in a Malaysian intensive care unit. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition. 2019 Dec 1;25(3).

Brascher JMM, Peres WAF, Padilha PC. Use of the modified "Nutrition Risk in the critically ill" score and its association with the death of critically ill patients. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2020;35:162-166. doi:10.1016/j.clnesp.2019.10.005

Cândido AD, Luquetti SC. Nutritional risk in critical patients using the Nutric Score Risk method. Nutrición Clínica y Dietética Hospitalaria. 2019;39(2):19-25.

José IB, Leandro-Merhi VA, Aquino JLB, Mendonça JA. The diagnosis and NUTRIC score of critically ill patients in enteral nutrition are risk factors for the survival time in an intensive care unit?. ¿El diagnóstico y la puntuación NUTRIC score en pacientes críticamente enfermos con nutrición enteral son factores de riesgo para el tiempo de supervivencia en una unidad de cuidados intensivos?. Nutr Hosp. 2019;36(5):1027-1036. doi:10.20960/nh.02545

Tsai MH, Huang HC, Peng YS, et al. Nutrition Risk Assessment Using the Modified NUTRIC Score in Cirrhotic Patients with Acute Gastroesophageal Variceal Bleeding: Prevalence of High Nutrition Risk and its Independent Prognostic Value. Nutrients. 2019;11(9):2152. Published 2019 Sep 9. doi:10.3390/nu11092152

Marchetti J, Reis AMD, Santos AFD, Franzosi OS, Luft VC, Steemburgo T. High nutritional risk is associated with unfavorable outcomes in patients admitted to an intensive care unit. O elevado risco nutricional está associado a desfechos desfavoráveis em pacientes internados na unidade de terapia intensiva. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 2019;31(3):326-332. Published 2019 Oct 14. doi:10.5935/0103-507X.20190041

Eslamian G, Ardehali SH, Vahdat Shariatpanahi Z. Association of intestinal permeability with a NUTRIC score in critically ill patients. Nutrition. 2019;63-64:1-8. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2019.01.010

2018
Ata Ur-Rehman HM, Ishtiaq W, Yousaf M, Bano S, Mujahid AM, Akhtar A. Modified Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (mNUTRIC) Score to Assess Nutritional Risk in Mechanically Ventilated Patients: A Prospective Observational Study from the Pakistani Population. Cureus. 2018;10(12):e3786. Published 2018 Dec 27. doi:10.7759/cureus.3786

Mukhopadhyay A, Tai BC, Remani D, Henry J, Kowitlawakul Y, Puthucheary ZA. Nutritional risk assessment at admission can predict subsequent muscle loss in critically ill patients. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018 Aug;72(8):1187-1190.

Jeong DH, Hong SB, Lim CM, et al. Comparison of Accuracy of NUTRIC and Modified NUTRIC Scores in Predicting 28-Day Mortality in Patients with Sepsis: A Single Center Retrospective Study. Nutrients. 2018;10(7):911. Published 2018 Jul 17. doi:10.3390/nu10070911

2017
Kalaiselvan MS, Renuka MK, Arunkumar AS. Use of Nutrition Risk in Critically ill (NUTRIC) Score to Assess Nutritional Risk in Mechanically Ventilated Patients: A Prospective Observational Study. Indian J Crit Care Med. 2017 May;21(5):253-256.

 

Comparing NUTRIC/mNUTRIC vs Other Nutrition Risk Assessment Tools

2021
Acehan S, Gulen M, Isıkber C, et al. mNUTRIC tool is capable to predict nutritional needs and mortality early in patients suffering from severe pneumonia. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2021;45:184-191. doi:10.1016/j.clnesp.2021.08.030

İleri İ, Özsürekci C, Halil MG, Gündoğan K. NRS-2002 and mNUTRIC score: Could we predict mortality of hematological malignancy patients in the ICU? [published online ahead of print, 2021 Sep 29]. Nutr Clin Pract. 2021;10.1002/ncp.10783. doi:10.1002/ncp.10783

Egan T, Chapple LA, Morgan H, Rassias G, Yandell R. Nutritional risk screening in noninvasively mechanically ventilated critically ill adult patients: A feasibility trial [published online ahead of print, 2021 May 12]. Aust Crit Care. 2021;S1036-7314(21)00042-4. doi:10.1016/j.aucc.2021.03.004

2020
Rattanachaiwong S, Zribi B, Kagan I, Theilla M, Heching M, Singer P. Comparison of nutritional screening and diagnostic tools in diagnosis of severe malnutrition in critically ill patients. Clin Nutr. 2020;39(11):3419-3425. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2020.02.035

Majari K, Imani H, Hosseini S, Amirsavadkouhi A, Ardehali SH, Khalooeifard R. Comparison of Modified NUTRIC, NRS-2002, and MUST Scores in Iranian Critically Ill Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units: A Prospective Cohort Study [published online ahead of print, 2020 Oct 18]. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2020;10.1002/jpen.2031. doi:10.1002/jpen.2031

Coruja MK, Cobalchini Y, Wentzel C, Fink JDS. Nutrition Risk Screening in Intensive Care Units: Agreement Between NUTRIC and NRS 2002 Tools. Nutr Clin Pract. 2020;35(3):567-571. doi:10.1002/ncp.10419

Sun Q, Zhang T, Guan C, et al. Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2020;32(1):72-77. doi:10.3760/cma.j.cn121430-20190923-00013

2019
Gonzalez MC, Bielemann RM, Kruschardt PP, Orlandi SP. Complementarity of NUTRIC score and Subjective Global Assessment for predicting 28-day mortality in critically ill patients. Clin Nutr. 2019;38(6):2846-2850. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2018.12.017

Canales C, Elsayes A, Yeh DD, et al. Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill Versus the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002: Are They Comparable for Assessing Risk of Malnutrition in Critically Ill Patients?. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2019;43(1):81-87. doi:10.1002/jpen.1181

2018
de Vries MC, Koekkoek WK, Opdam MH, van Blokland D, van Zanten AR. Nutritional assessment of critically ill patients: validation of the modified NUTRIC score. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2018 Mar;72(3):428-435.

2017
Lew CCH, Cheung KP, Chong MFF, Chua AP, Fraser RJL, Miller M. Combining 2 Commonly Adopted Nutrition Instruments in the Critical Care Setting Is Superior to Administering Either One Alone [published online ahead of print, 2017 Aug 1]. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2017;148607117726060. doi:10.1177/0148607117726060

2016
Özbilgin Ş, Hancı V, Ömür D, et al. Morbidity and mortality predictivity of nutritional assessment tools in the postoperative care unit. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016;95(40):e5038. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000005038

2015
Coltman A, Peterson S, Roehl K, Roosevelt H, Sowa D. Use of 3 tools to assess nutrition risk in the intensive care unit. JPEN Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition 2015;39:28-33.

 

Interaction of NUTRIC/mNUTRIC score with the association between nutritional intake and clinical outcomes

2021

Sim J, Hong J, Na EM, Doo S, Jung YT. Early Supplemental Parenteral Nutrition is Associated with Reduced Mortality in Critically Ill Surgical Patients with High Nutritional Risk. Clin Nutr 2021 Oct 20. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2021.10.008

Alfonso Ortiz L, Jiang X, Turgeon AF, et al. Validation of the modified NUTrition Risk Score (mNUTRIC) in mechanically ventilated, severe burn patients: A prospective multinational cohort study [published online ahead of print, 2021 May 15]. Burns. 2021;S0305-4179(21)00132-7. doi:10.1016/j.burns.2021.05.010

Chada RR, Chidrawar S, Goud BA, Maska A, Medanki R, Nagalla B. Association between nutrition delivery, modified Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill score, and 28-day mortality [published online ahead of print, 2021 May 8]. Nutr Clin Pract. 2021;10.1002/ncp.10673. doi:10.1002/ncp.10673

2020
Iwuchukwu C, O'Keefe GE, Day AG, Jiang X, Heyland DK. Application of the modified Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill score to nutritional risk stratification of trauma victims: A multicenter observational study. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2020;89(6):1143-1148. doi:10.1097/TA.0000000000002937

2019
Lew CCH, Wong GJY, Cheung KP, et al. The association between nutritional adequacy and 28-day mortality in the critically ill is not modified by their baseline nutritional status and disease severity. Crit Care. 2019;23(1):222. Published 2019 Jun 18. doi:10.1186/s13054-019-2500-z

2018
Chourdakis M, Grammatikopoulou MG, Day AG, Bouras E, Heyland DK. Are all low-NUTRIC-score patients the same? Analysis of a multi-center observational study to determine the relationship between nutrition intake and outcome. Clin Nutr. 2019;38(6):2783-2789. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2018.12.006 

Hsu PH, Lee CH, Kuo LK, Kung YC, Chen WJ, Tzeng MS. Higher energy and protein intake from enteral nutrition may reduce hospital mortality in mechanically ventilated critically ill elderly patients. International Journal of Gerontology. 2018 Dec 1;12(4):285-9.

Wang CY, Fu PK, Huang CT, Chen CH, Lee BJ, Huang YC. Targeted Energy Intake Is the Important Determinant of Clinical Outcomes in Medical Critically Ill Patients with High Nutrition Risk. Nutrients. 2018;10(11):1731. Published 2018 Nov 11. doi:10.3390/nu10111731

Lew CCH, Wong GJY, Cheung KP, et al. When timing and dose of nutrition support were examined, the modified Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (mNUTRIC) score did not differentiate high-risk patients who would derive the most benefit from nutrition support: a prospective cohort study. Ann Intensive Care. 2018;8(1):98. Published 2018 Oct 22. doi:10.1186/s13613-018-0443-1

Compher C, Chittams J, Sammarco T, Higashibeppu N, Higashiguchi T, Heyland DK. Greater Nutrient Intake Is Associated With Lower Mortality in Western and Eastern Critically Ill Patients With Low BMI: A Multicenter, Multinational Observational Study. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2019;43(1):63-69. doi:10.1002/jpen.1180

2017
Lee ZY, Noor Airini I, Barakatun-Nisak MY. Relationship of energy and protein adequacy with 60-day mortality in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients: A prospective observational study. Clin Nutr. 2018 Aug;37(4):1264-1270.

Wischmeyer PE, Hasselmann M, Kummerlen C, et al. A randomized trial of supplemental parenteral nutrition in underweight and overweight critically ill patients: the TOP-UP pilot trial. Crit Care. 2017;21(1):142. Published 2017 Jun 9. doi:10.1186/s13054-017-1736-8

Arabi YM, Aldawood AS, Al-Dorzi HM, et al. Permissive Underfeeding or Standard Enteral Feeding in High- and Low-Nutritional-Risk Critically Ill Adults. Post Hoc Analysis of the PermiT Trial. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017;195(5):652-662. doi:10.1164/rccm.201605-1012OC

Compher C, Chittams J, Sammarco T, Nicolo M, Heyland DK. Greater Protein and Energy Intake May Be Associated With Improved Mortality in Higher Risk Critically Ill Patients: A Multicenter, Multinational Observational Study. Crit Care Med. 2017;45(2):156-163. doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000002083

2016
Mukhopadhyay A, Henry J, Ong V, Leong CS, Teh AL, van Dam RM, Kowitlawakul Y. Mukhopadhyay A, Henry J, Ong V, et al. Association of modified NUTRIC score with 28-day mortality in critically ill patients. Clin Nutr. 2017;36(4):1143-1148. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2016.08.004.

 

Translation of the NUTRIC/mNUTRIC score

Javid Z, Zadeh Honarvar NM, Khadem-Rezaiyan M, et al. Translation and adaptation of the modified NUTRIC score for critically ill patients. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2021;43:348-352. doi:10.1016/j.clnesp.2021.03.025

Chourdakis M, Grammatikopoulou MG, Poulia KA, Passakiotou M, Pafili ZK, Bouras E, Doundoulakis I, Galitsianos I, Lappa T, Karakatsanis A, Heyland DK. Translation of the modified NUTRIC score and adaptation to the Greek ICU setting. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2019 Feb;29:72-76.

Mendes R, Policarpo S, Fortuna P, Alves M, Virella D, Heyland DK. Nutritional risk assessment and cultural validation of the modified NUTRIC score in critically ill patients-A multicenter prospective cohort study. Journal of critical care 2017;37:45-9.

Rosa M, Heyland DK, Fernandes D, Rabito EI, Oliveira ML, Marcadenti A. Translation and adaptation of the NUTRIC Score to identify critically ill patients who benefit the most from nutrition therapy. Clin Nutr. 2016;14:31-36.

 

Other versions of the NUTRIC/mNUTRIC score

NUTRIC-SF (combining modified NUTRIC with a measure of sarcopenia and frailty)

Lee ZY, Hasan MS, Day AG, et al. Initial development and validation of a novel nutrition risk, sarcopenia and frailty assessment tool in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients: The NUTRIC-SF score [published online ahead of print, 2021 May 22]. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2021;10.1002/jpen.2194. doi:10.1002/jpen.2194

NUTRIC-S (Using SAPS 3 instead of APACHE II)

Toledo DO, Junior JM, Toloi JM, de Assis T, Serra LM, do Carmo PG, do Amaral Pfeilsticker FJ, dos Santos DM, de Freitas BJ, de Oliveira AM, Heyland DK. NUTRIC-S proposal: Using SAPS 3 for mortality prediction in nutritional risk ICU patients. Clinical Nutrition Experimental. 2020 Jun 1;31:19-27. 

NUTRIC & CRP

Oliveira ML, Heyland DK, Silva FM, Rabito EI, Rosa M, Tarnowski MDS, Fernandes D, Marcadenti A. Complementarity of modified NUTRIC score with or without C-reactive protein and subjective global assessment in predicting mortality in critically ill patients. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 2019 Oct-Dec;31(4):490- 496. 

Moretti D, Bagilet DH, Buncuga M, Settecase CJ, Quaglino MB, Quintana R. Estudio de dos variantes de la puntuación de riesgo nutricional "NUTRIC" en pacientes críticos ventilados [Study of two variants of nutritional risk score “NUTRIC” in ventilated critical patients]. Nutr Hosp. 2014;29(1):166-172. Published 2014 Jan 1. doi:10.3305/nh.2014.29.1.7001

 

Review Paper on Nutrition Risk Assessment that includes the NUTRIC/mNUTRIC score

2020
Cattani A, Eckert IC, Brito JE, Tartari RF, Silva FM. Nutritional risk in critically ill patients: how it is assessed, its prevalence and prognostic value: a systematic review. Nutr Rev. 2020;78(12):1052-1068. doi:10.1093/nutrit/nuaa031

Silva DFO, Lima SCVC, Sena-Evangelista KCM, Marchioni DM, Cobucci RN, Andrade FB. Nutritional Risk Screening Tools for Older Adults with COVID-19: A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2020;12(10):2956. Published 2020 Sep 27. doi:10.3390/nu12102956

2019
Reis AMD, Fructhenicht AVG, Moreira LF. NUTRIC score use around the world: a systematic review. Uso do escore NUTRIC pelo mundo: uma revisão sistemática. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 2019;31(3):379-385. Published 2019 Oct 14. doi:10.5935/0103-507X.20190061

Lee ZY, Heyland DK. Determination of Nutrition Risk and Status in Critically Ill Patients: What Are Our Considerations?. Nutr Clin Pract. 2019;34(1):96-111. doi:10.1002/ncp.10214

2017
Kozeniecki M, Codner P, Heyland DK. Identifying nutritional risk in critical illness. Curr Pulmonol Rep 2017;6:48-53.

2016
Patel C, Omer E, Diamond SJ, McClave SA. Can Nutritional Assessment Tools Predict Response to Nutritional Therapy? Curr Gastroenterol Rep. 2016 Apr;18(4):15.

2015
O'Hanlon C, Dowsett J, Smyth N. Nutrition Assessment of the Intensive Care Unit Patient. Top Clin Nutr 2015;30:47-70.

2014
McClave SA, Martindale RG, Rice TW, Heyland DK. Feeding the critically ill patient. Crit Care Med. 2014;42(12):2600-2610. doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000000654

Kondrup J. Nutritional-risk scoring systems in the intensive care unit. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2014 Mar;17(2):177-82.

 

Nutrition Guidelines that include the NUTRIC/mNUTRIC score

Barazzoni R, Bischoff SC, Busetto L, Cederholm T, Chourdakis M, Cuerda C, Delzenne N, Genton L, Schneider S, Singer P, Boirie Y. Nutritional Management Of Individuals With Obesity And Covid-19: Espen Expert Statements And Practical Guidance. Clin Nutr. 2021 May 11.

Mechanick JI, Carbone S, Dickerson RN, et al. Clinical Nutrition Research and the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Scoping Review of the ASPEN COVID-19 Task Force on Nutrition Research. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2021;45(1):13-31. doi:10.1002/jpen.2036

Singer P, Blaser AR, Berger MM, et al. ESPEN guideline on clinical nutrition in the intensive care unit. Clin Nutr. 2019;38(1):48-79. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2018.08.037

McClave SA, Taylor BE, Martindale RG, et al. Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Adult Critically Ill Patient: Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) [published correction appears in JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2016 Nov;40(8):1200]. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2016;40(2):159-211. doi:10.1177/0148607115621863

 

International Survey

Heyland DK, Dhaliwal R, Wang M, Day AG. The prevalence of iatrogenic underfeeding in the nutritionally 'at-risk' critically ill patient: Results of an international, multicenter, prospective study. Clinical Nutrition 2015;34:659-66.

 

Feasibility of implementing the NUTRIC/mNUTRIC score

Kenworthy S, Agarwal E, Farlow L, Angus R, Marshall AP. Feasibility of using the "modified NUTrition Risk In the Critically ill" nutritional risk screening tool to identify nutritionally at-risk patients in an Australian intensive care unit. Aust Crit Care. 2020;33(3):259-263. doi:10.1016/j.aucc.2019.08.003

 

Others

MacEachern KN, Kraguljac AP, Mehta S. Nutrition Care of Critically Ill Patients with Leukemia: A Retrospective Study. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2019;80(1):34-38. doi:10.3148/cjdpr-2018-033

Özdemir U, Özdemir M, Aygencel G, Kaya B, Türkoğlu M. The role of maximum compressed thickness of the quadriceps femoris muscle measured by ultrasonography in assessing nutritional risk in critically-ill patients with different volume statuses. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2019;65(7):952-958. Published 2019 Aug 5. doi:10.1590/1806-9282.65.7.952

 

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